A hinge is a mechanical bearing that connects two solid objects, typically allowing only a limited angle of rotation between them.
It second most important invention after wheels are indistinct and small but are very useful from the refrigerator to cellar door. Without hinges, the opening of any door would be very difficult. Centuries ago, hinges were made of wood and leather, but now majority of the hinges are made of various metals and very few are made of engineered plastics.
Hinges can be formed of various materials, be it flexible or comprising of moving components. They are available in different finishes as well to suit the purpose and color options but antiqued copper, chrome, brass and black are the common ones.
The types of hinges are as per the use and where they need to be fitted to. Let’s have a look at the various types of the hinges mostly used by Professional interior designers:
- Butt Hinge (Mortise Hinge).
From application ranging from doors, windows, cabinets and almost all furniture these are the most commonly used type of hinges. Usually three or four number of these is mortised into the door and its frame. Hinges for use in the interior doors are made of steel mostly, while when used for exterior doors one needs to take care of the risk of corrosion, so brass or stainless steel hinge are more appropriate for Interior design projects.
Appearing similar to a barrel, this hinge is easy to install as the joint is simply a hole that is drilled into the work piece. These are generally used for gates and applications having low loads on the radius
They generally run across the entire length of the piano’s flat edge, they are also called as the continuous hinges. In modern times the interior designers used hinges to cover the length of an entire two objects that needs to be joined together. It’s application ranges from toolbox, folding wall partitions, shower doors apart from the obvious piano construction.
- Butterfly Hinges:
In the shape of a butterfly and with a finish makes butterfly hinges an interesting piece of design. It is best used for instances where the hinge might be visible in boxes, cabinets of general furniture. Available in different textures and finishes to provide suitable color options, they contribute to the overall appearance of the hardware.
- Flush Hinges:
These are smaller hinges that take less space than butt hinges as they allow one leaf to fit inside the other. Couple of advantages of using the flush hinges are that they do not require a corner to be cut in the door on which they are installed and don’t leave any space or gap between frame and the door, giving a very clean consistent look. However, as they are quite light unlike the sturdy butt hinges they tend to be less durable and cannot be used for very heavy furniture. They are best suited for light weight cabinets, cupboards & doors.
- Pivot Hinges:
These hinges are designed for overlay doors, where one part is mounted on top and the other on the bottom of the door, resulting in a concealed hinge. The key advantage is that this hinge doesn’t block the door to be opened in both directions .
- Barrel Hinge:
It consists of components like a barrel which is a hollow spherical barrel shaped section joined to a pivot for movement. Materials from which hinges are made include: coated steel, polished plated steel, chromium-plated metals, brass, bronze, and aluminum.
- Spring Hinge:
They act as an option of door closing devices. To get adequate force for closing the door, we generally require two spring hinges. These hinges use the property of a spring which gets the door back to the closing position on its own.
- Gate Hinge:
These hinges are ideal for either light and heavy duty places or gates. Designers will know that these hinges are available in stainless steel, brass, bronze and other high-tech materials. In this an L-shaped screw is fitted into the post which is attached to the gate.
“Which are the factors that one needs to consider before finalizing a hinge?”
- The look of the material and how it fits the entire interior look.
- From safety point of view, is it fire resistant?
- Due to the sudden changes in weather, is the hinge of corrosion resistant material?
- How much movement or angle it allows for functioning?
- The cost and the quality is the last but the most important criteria while opting for a type of hinge.
So, Hinge on guys…!!